Tips on loading a trailer the right way
What is the first thing anyone should look for in a trailer before purchasing one? Is considering the capacity of the trailer enough? If we do consider just the capacity of the trailer, you will be able to store and carry as much of weight or product you want, but want of the trailer breaks down?
The stability of the trailer, if not the most, is one of the most important aspects of a trailer, given that a trailer, for a business, is the most used vehicle attachment.
It happens quite often that when you load a trailer, you might simply dump the load into the trailer. That would be optimal if it were a drawer in your cupboard, but when it comes to a trailer, the distribution of the load, that is what decides the proper functioning of the trailer.
When loading a trailer, the distribution of the weight should be side to side, with at least 10 percent of the weight on the side of the hitch. Some trailer can also take about 15 percent of weight close to the hitch which increases stability. Although, it should not be assumed that more load on the hitch means more stability.
The load needs to be enough to be able to balance the trailer. Any more weight than that will cause the trailer to rise from the front and the trailer would be unstable. Adding more than the optimal weight will lead to problems in drivability and control of the trailer since the steering wheels would be lifted off the ground. To combat this very issue, there is an availability of load distribution hitches as well that help bring the trailer in level with the tow vehicle for easy movement.
If the weight of the trailer is equal to or exceeds that of the tow vehicle, hitches can prove to be very useful. You may not need a damper to absorb shock for in case of a trailer that is put together correctly, but such a damper can come handy when you want to solve stability problems.
It should also be made sure that the trailer axle is perfectly aligned with the center of the load to ensure maximum stability. Since most of the weight is towards the front of the trailer close to the hitch, the trailer axle should be positioned at the front of the trailer, as opposed to most trailers where the axle is position right behind the center of the trailer bed.
The dimensions of the trailer also plays a major role in ensuring the stability. Trailers that are longer with wider ends tend to be better for towing. The distance between the rear end of the tow vehicle and the front wheels of the trailer decide the stability. The more the distance there is between the two, the more the stability. A longer tongue also proves to be effective in increasing the stability of the trailer.
The brakes also make a huge difference to the stability of the trailer. In the case of electric as well as surge brakes, it should be made sure that the calibration be done effectively so the trailer can carry the appropriate amount of weight without hassle.
How the weight is loaded onto the trailer is also something to keep in mind. For instance, if a pipe has been loaded into a trailer, but not tied in one place, the pipe will tend to roll around sideways as the vehicle moves, causing the trailer to shift weight as well and being unstable. How the load is secured, and whether or not it is, is also very important in ensuring the stability of the trailer. The center of gravity also affects the trailer stability, so ensure that the trailer has low center of gravity to be able to have more stability.
How the trailer reacts to aerodynamic effects is also a concern to be looked into. Although generally effecting large trailers with huge capacities, it can affect the stability of the trailer. Aerodynamic effects is defined as the reaction of the trailer to the ground or the tow vehicle. The trailer should be in level with the ground to show better stability. The condition of the tires also play a major role in the ability of the trailer to carry load and its stability.